What is a learning disability

This is how Mencap describes learning disability:

'A learning disability is caused by the way the brain develops. There are many different types and most develop before a baby is born, during birth or because of a serious illness in early childhood.' A learning disability is lifelong. A person might have a mild, moderate or severe learning disability, which will affect the amount of support they need in their day-to-day life. People with a learning disability find it harder than others to learn, understand and communicate. People with profound and multiple learning disabilities (PMLD) need full-time help with every part of their lives - including eating, drinking, washing, dressing and toileting. A learning disability is not a mental illness. It is also different to a learning difficulty, which is often used to describe things like dyslexia. We use the word learning disability on this website. However, someone with a learning disability may want to explain the difficulties they have in another way. People First have a statement about this, which you can read on their website.
 If you are working with people with a learning disability it is best to ask them what they prefer….if you need to use a label at all.

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